SPRINGFIELD – Illinois lawmakers released the first draft of new congressional maps Friday, the latest step in a process that occurs every 10 years after the U.S. Census and could impact the balance of power in the U.S. Congress.
The new maps are only a draft and will be subject to legislative changes as lawmakers return to the Capitol next week for their fall veto session. The congressional maps will be one of the top agenda items as lawmakers return.
The new draft maps include 17 congressional districts, down from the current 18 due to the state’s population loss recorded in the 2020 census.
Several of the districts wind through various parts of the state on thin strips of land. That includes the 13th District, which runs from Champaign to the north to Belleville in the south, making its way westward and including several downstate population centers along the way.
That’s the district currently represented by Republican Congressman Rodney Davis, who has expressed an interest in running for governor and has said the decision would depend on how Illinois Democrats would choose to draw his current district.
Davis’ hometown of Taylorville is instead included in the redrawn 15th District, which is one of the largest districts landwise, going from Freeport in the north to Vandalia in the south, an approximately 275-mile drive. It includes a big chunk of several counties south of Springfield, runs up the eastern part of the state, and grabs land from several central Illinois counties on its way up to Stephenson County near the state’s northern border.
Illinois is an important state for Democrats nationally as they look to maintain control of the U.S. House in the 2022 mid-term elections. Currently Democrats have a 224-214 advantage in the chamber. The state’s primary elections are scheduled for June 28.
20 outlaws and criminals with ties to Illinois
Charles E. Boles (Black Bart)
A gentleman bandit of the highest order, Charles E. Boles AKA "Black Bart" is known for leaving poetic messages at the scene of two of his robberies.
While Boles is most notorious for his stagecoach robberies in states like California and Oregon, he also served as a private in the 116th Illinois Regiment (organized in Decatur, IL) during the American Civil War.
Lester Gillis (Baby Face Nelson)
Lester Joseph Gillis, AKA "Baby Face Nelson," was a known associate of another famous Illinois outlaw: John Dillinger.
Nelson was born in Chicago in 1908 and following his iconic life of crime, he was killed in a shootout in Wilmette in 1934.
His story started and ended right here in Illinois.
Al Capone "Scarface"
One of the most infamous criminals in American history, Al Capone first came to Chicago at age 20 and would go on to become to head of the Chicago Mafia during the prohibition era.
Capone is buried at Mount Carmel Cemetery in Hillside, Illinois.
"Dirty" David Rudabaugh
David Rudabaugh, AKA "Dirty Dave," was an outlaw in the American Old West. His nickname comes from a rumor that Dave was scared of water.
Although his career as an outlaw began in Arkansas, he was born on July 14, 1854 in Fulton County, Illinois.
Antonio Joseph Accardo, AKA "Joe Batters" or "Big Tuna," was a notorious Chicago mobster who ultimately became the final boss of the Chicago Mafia in 1972.
His criminal career spanned a total of eight decades.
Accardo was born, lived, and eventually died in Chicago in 1992.
Carl Shelton, along with his brothers Earl and Bernie, was a member of the Shelton Brothers Gang - an bootlegging gang based in Southern Illinois during the prohibition era.
Bernie Shelton, along with his brothers Carl and Earl, was a member of the Shelton Brothers Gang - an bootlegging gang based in Southern Illinois during the prohibition era.
Charles "Charlie" Birger was a Russian-born bootlegger in Southern Illinois during the prohibition era.
A rival of the Shelton Brothers Gang, Birger waged war with Carl, Earl, and Bernie over the Southern Illinois territory.
Joseph Patrick "Joey the Clown" Lombardo Sr.
Joseph "Joey the Clown" Lombardo is a member of the Chicago Mafia. Although currently in prison, Lombardo is suspected to still hold a key rank within the organization.
Joey the Clown was sentenced to life in prison in 2009 after being found guilty of racketeering, extortion, and loan sharking.
John Herbert Dillinger was an iconic American Depression era gangster known for robbing banks along with his infamous Dillinger Gang.
Although Dillinger was able to evade police capture for nearly a year across four different states, he eventually returned to Chicago where he was killed at the Biograph Theater on Lincoln Avenue at the hands of federal agents.
Frank "The Enforcer" Nitti
Frank "The Enforcer" Nitti was one of Al Capone's top henchmen during his reign over the Chicago Mafia. Nitti, as his nickname would suggest, was in charge of the "muscle" within the Chicago family.
Eventually, Nitti went on to succeed Al Capone and became boss of the Chicago Outift.
He died in North Riverside, Illinois. His death was ruled a suicide.
John "Papa Johnny" Torrio
John "Johnny" Torrio helped build the Chicago Mafia during the 1920s before it was inherited by none other than Al Capone.
According to the Chicago Crime Commission, Torrio's "talents as an organizational genius were widely respected by the major gang bosses in the New York City area."
Torrio died in 1957 of a heart attack.
"Diamond Joe" Esposito
Unlike most mobsters, "Diamond Joe" Esposito had success in Chicago as a politician in addition to his illustrious criminal career.
Esposito offered political protection to the bootlegging gangs of Little Italy.
After becoming a rival of Al Capone, Esposito was killed outside of his home by a drive-by shooter.
Vincent "The Schemer" Drucci
Vincent Drucci, also known as "The Schemer", was born in Chicago in 1898. After serving in the U.S. Navy, he returned home and began his criminal career by committing small-time crimes like stealing money from pay phones.
Drucci went on to become a prominent member of the North Side Gang during the Prohibition era.
He died in Chicago at the age of 29 after being shot by a Chicago police officer.
Louis "Two Gun" Alterie
Louis Alterie, AKA "Diamond Jack Alterie", served as a hitman for the North Side Gang in Chicago early on during the Prohibition era.
Alterie fled to Colorado at the request of one of his criminal associates, but soon attracted unwanted attention by the state authorities and had to return to Illinois.
Alterie was killed on July 18, 1935. A sniper successfully shot him as he was leaving his Chicago apartment.
Jack "Machine Gun" McGurn
In addition to being a small-time boxer, Jack "Machine Gun" McGurn was a key member of Al Capone's Chicago Mafia.
McGurn is widely suspected to have been involved in planning the infamous St. Valentine's Day Massacre, although this has never been proven.
After being abandoned by his fellow criminal associates, McGurn was killed by three men on February 15, 1936. Coincidentally, this was one day after the seventh anniversary of the St. Valentine's Day Massacre.
According to the Illinois Crime Survey, Frank McErlane was "the most brutal gunman who ever pulled a trigger in Chicago." He is even credited with introducing the now-iconic Thompson submachine gun to Chicago's underworld.
McErlane met his end on October 8, 1932 after falling ill with pneumonia.
Giacomo "Big Jim" Colosimo
James Colosimo, AKA "Big Jim" and "Diamond Jim", was an Italian-born immigrant who came to the United States in 1895 and went on to develop a criminal empire in Chicago, which was a precursor to Al Capone's Chicago Mafia.
Ultimately, Colosimo's criminal associates would betray him and gun him down in 1920. Be careful who you trust.
Known as "the only man Al Capone feared", Hymie Weiss was the leader of the North Side Gang in Chicago during the Prohibition era.
Weiss was killed on October 11, 1926 by rival gunmen.
Paul "The Waiter" Ricca
Paul Ricca, AKA "The Waiter", served as the leader of the Chicago Mafia for four whole decades.
Ricca died of a heart attack at age 74 on October 11, 1972.