Jan. 10, 1920: Treaty of Versailles takes effect

Even without an agreement from the United States, the Treaty of Versailles took effect in January 1920. Subsequently, the major players in the treaty and the largest in the League of Nations became France, the United Kingdom, and Italy. It is generally believed that the conditions of the peace agreement were a major factor in the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party, who exploited the national sense of humiliation for losing the war.

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